China together with Russia has the largest number of land borders with neighboring countries. In total, China borders 14 other countries:
China’s borders have changed many times over the centuries and relations with neighbors is a complex narrative of the historical development of China. It was only in the nineteenth century that China’s borders were fixed and the concept of China as a nation state was developed. Following are China’s neighboring countries and borders.
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Quanhe Port is the road transportation port of international passenger and cargo between China and North Korea, located in lakeside of Tumen River in southeastern Jingxin Town in Huichun, 130°30′of east longitude and 42°30′of north latitude, 36 KM from the estuary of Tumen River, 42 KM from Huichun downtown and 51 KM from Luojin in North Korea. Across the Quanhe Port is Yuanting Port of North Korea. The Interstate Highway Bridge connecting Quanhe Port and Yuanting Port was built in 1936, which is also the important aisle connecting China and Luoxian Economic Area in North Korea. After liberation it has been used as the second kind port in China, then it became the official aisle. On December 17, 1998, authorized by State Council, Quanhe Road Aisle became the first kind port in China, permitting foreigners from the third country (except China and North Korea) pass with valid identification.
Quanhe Port in Huichun is adjacent to North Korea, with Tumen River as their boundary, facing Wutingli Port of Free Economic Trade Zone in Luoxian, North Korea, 39 KM from the downtown, 48 KM from Luojin Port in North Korea, and is the only aisle directly connecting China with Luoxian. On its south side, there is the Famous Fangchuan scenic spot which “faces three countries”.
Tumen Port including road port and train port, is the Second Land Route Port open to North Korea in China. Tumen Port is located in lakeside of Tumen River in Tumen, facing Nanyang International Port, 177 KM from Qingjin. Tumen Port was established with long history. In 1933, Tumen Pike was founded and the Border Bridge between Tumen and Nanyang was established during the Puppet Period. In September, 1950, the Border Examination Station was formally established in Tumen Port. Before the Reform and Opening-up, mainly visitors, officials and goods transportation passed through Tumen road port. In 1985, the United Examination Station was established in Tumen road port, and the port capacity is 200,000 tons of goods import or export each year, immigration personnel of 100,000 per year. People form the third country (except China and North Korea) can pass through this port with valid identification.
Dandong Port is located in the confluence of Yalu River (southeastern Liaodong Peninsula Economic Open Zone) and Yellow Sea, in the core area of northeast Asia. Dandong Port is the important meeting point of Northeast Asian economic zone and the Bohai Economic Circle, and also it is the main land route connecting Korean peninsula, China and Eurasia.
70% to 80% of trade volume between People’s Republic of China and Democratic People’s Republic of North Korea is finished through Dandong Port in Liaoning province, annual trade volume of around $ 1 billion. In recent years, the cargo amount and trade volume from Dandong Port to North Korea increase at the rate of 13% and 15% each year respectively. Dandong Port has been the main thoroughfare of the border trade between China and North Korea.
Located at beside Yalu River in downtown, Dandong Road Port is the first national port approved and opened by negotiation between China and North Korea in 1955. It is also the port which can permit personnel of the third countries (except China and North Korea) pass through the border between China and North Korea.
Erenhot is located in due north of Inner Mongolia, China, 9 KM from the largest port city—Zhamenwude in Inner Mongolia. Erenhot is the largest road and train port in China, and both the national and international transportation is very convenient. The jurisdiction area is 4015 square KM, the urban area is 18 square KM and the population is around 100,000.
“Eren” is the transliteration from Mongolia dialect to Han dialect, which means mirage. In January, 1956, the international train line of Beijing- Ulan Bator-Moscow was formally open, and Erenhot was also established.
Erenhot port has Asia’s largest bulk loading dock, changing wheel base and the advanced inspection system of H986 train. The port imports more than 300 million tons of crude oil, more than 300 million tons of timber, more than 50 million cubic meters of copper powder, over 300 million tons of iron ore and over 5000 tons of molybdenum ore. 70 percent of fruits and vegetables and daily necessities of Mongolia are transported through this city. Last year the import and export cargo reached 8.54 million tons, the value of $ 2.24 billion.
Erenhot is the world-famous “dinosaur town”, and is China’s first place to discover dinosaur fossils and was recorded into international biotechnology annals. There is dinosaur fossil gathering area, 8 kilometers away from the downtown, and hundreds of thousands of tourists from all over the world pay a visit to it.
Erenhot opens to personnel from the third countries, transportation tools and cargo, and is one of usually used ports for self-driving.
Hongshanzui Port is 88 ° 55 ‘ of east longitude, 48 ° 51’ of north latitude, located in northern Fuhai County on south slope of the middle of Altay, which is in the valley of Fuerte River, the upstream tributary of Kara Irtysh River. There are simple national defense highways passing to Altay (1800 M). Hongshanzui Port is 240 KM form Fuhai County, 192 KM from Altay, 896 KM from Urumqi, the prefecture capital of Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, and 2 KM from the national boundary between China and Mongolia. In the east Hongshanzui Port is adjacent to Bayan Ulgii province in Mongolia, 180 KM from Ulgii, the capital city, and 12 KM from Hongshanzui to Dayang Port in Mongolia.
Hongshanzui Port is the seasonal bilateral port. Due to high latitude and altitude, Hongshanzui Port is in continental temperate climate and the port only open from June to October each year. This port allow people from China and Mongolia, trade goods and transportation tools to pass. Citizens living inside the border area of the two countries can enter or exit the border with the Border Pass.
Open Time: August 1 to August 20, September 1 to September 20, July 1 to July 10 and July 14 to July 23
Each year from October to June next year, this port is blocked from the outside because of the heavy snow. Each year in summer, the ice snow melts, the grass turns to green, the wild flowers are all over the mountain, and the scenery is really charming and beautiful. Businessman from the two countries gather together, which is also attractive.
At present this port is forbidden to people from the third countries (except China and Mongolia), transportation tools and cargo.
Laoyemiao Port is located in Santang Lake of Balikun Harsaka County in Hami area of Xinjiang, adjacent to Altay province, the gobi of Mongolia, facing Mengbuer Gasitai Port. It is 172 KM from Laoyemiao Port (entry of the border) to Balikun County, 308 KM to Hami, and 773 KM to Urumqi. It is 57 KM from Laoyemiao Port (exit of the border) to Buer Gasitai in Mongolia, 280 KM to Bugete County, and 484 KM to Altay, the provincial city in gobi Altay province.
Hongshanzui Port is the seasonal bilateral port. This port allow people from China and Mongolia, trade goods and transportation tools to pass. Citizens living inside the border area of the two countries can enter or exit the border with the Border Pass.
Open Time: February/April/June/August/October/December 11 to 30
During the open time, China’s working time is from 10 AM to 6 PM (Beijing Time); Mongolia’s working time (Ulan Bator Time) is from 10 AM to 6 PM (11 AM to 7 PM in Summer Time).
Takeshiken Port is located in Qinghe County of Aletai Region in Xinjiang, 90°48’ of east longitude and 46°11′of north latitude, facing Khvod province in Mongolia. Takeshiken is 90 KM from Qinghe County, 380 KM from Aletai, 510 KM from Urumqi, and 15.5 KM from the border boundary between China and Mongolia. In east this port is adjacent to Buergan County in Khovd province of Mongolia, 25 KM from Buergan Port, 65 KM from Buergan County, and around 265 KM from the provincial city of Khvod. Takeshiken Port has been the important trade thoroughfare between China and Mongolia. The trade between China and Mongolia developed since People’s Republic of China founded, but the trade line was cut off between Takeshiken and Buergan in the early 1960s. On July 20, 1989, Takeshiken was approved and opened to the outside world. In 1991, the two governments (China and Mongolia) signed an agreement to agree to the port of bilateral seasonal port, permitting people, goods and transportation tools pass.
In 2011, Takeshiken Port was open to the third countries (except China and Mongolia).
In the morning: 10 M to 2 PM
In the afternoon: 3 PM to 7 PM
The working time changed to 8 hours from 6 hours previously.
Wulasitai Port is located in Qitai county of Hui Autonomous Prefecture in Changji, 90°46′of east longitude and 45°25’ of north latitude, 248 KM from Qitai County, 485 KM from Changji and 440 KM from Urumqi. This port is adjacent to Buerwan County in Khovd Province in Mongolia, 6.5 KM from Beitage Port and 300 KM from Khovd, the provincial city of Khovd Province. Wulasitai has been the trade thoroughfare between China and Mongolia in history. In June, 1992, this port was formally open, annual cargo capacity of 30,000 tons and 10,000 passengers. Wulasitai Port is a seasonal port because of the long winter in Soerbasto. The annual frost-free period is only 120 days, the minimum temperature up to -38 ℃, and the weather in winter and spring is harsh and the mountain is usually covered and blocked by snow.
This port is open in March, June, August and the half month (Nov. 1-15) in November. After the open of Wulasitai Port, on June 15 in 1992, the following departments were established: Port Management Committee, Customs, Border Check Station, CIQ, Transportation Operations, Border Police Station and other units, among which personnel of customs and inspection and quarantine personnel were sent by the relevant units of Urumqi when the port was open.
Located in northwest Tashkurgan Tajik Autonomous County in Xinjiang Uygur Region, Kalasu Port is a land route port with function of both passengers and goods authorized by China’s government, which was required by Tajikistan on May 25 in 2004. This port was approved to be the first national port in 2007.
Kalasu Port is located in the flat area in front of the mountain between West Kunlun Mountains and Sarikol Ridge, in northwest Tashkurgan Tajik Autonomous County in Xinjiang Uygur Region, 4368.6 M above sea level, 13.875 KM from the mouth of Kuolemai Mountain at the boundary between China and Tajikistan. Kalasu Port is 219 KM from Kashi, 62 KM from Tashkurgan County, 89.7 KM from Murghab at the boundary of Tajikistan, and 850 KM from Dushanbe, the capital city in Tajikistan. Kalasu monitoring tunnels was completed by the end of 1997 on gravel road and two bridges project, connecting to Tajikistan asphalt road. The roadbed is stable, and the road conditions are good.
The official asserts that Kalasu is open to people from the third countries (besides China and Tajikistan). However, after consulting related data and records, we can make a following conclusion:
Kalasu Port is merely open to people from China and Tajikistan during the period from May 1 to November 30 each year. We do not recommend tourists from the third countries drive their cars to enter the border through this port.
Please see the following records:
In May, 2012, during the working hours of this port (actually of 15 days) immigration officers are 220 people, including 127 passengers of exiting the border; passengers of exiting the border include 78 staff people (the Chinese businessmen of 55 passengers, Tajikistan of 23 passengers, no one from the third countries); 49 staff of transportation (38 of Chinese staff,11 staff of Tajikistan and no one from the third countries); 93 people of entering the border, including 75 entry of passengers, 58 businessmen of Tajikistan, and no one from the third countries); 67 staff of transportation (54 Chinese staff, 13 Tajikistan staff and no one from the third countries).
Yadong Port is the main trade thoroughfare between China and India. Yadong Port is located in Yadong County of Xigaze Region, the south valley of the middle Himalayas Mountains, over 2800 M above sea level, adjacent to India and Bhutan, with 41 thoroughfares open to the outside world. Since the mid-17th century, Yadong Port gradually became the main trade thoroughfare between China and India.
Yadong Port is the main trade thoroughfare between China and India. Yadong Port is located in Yadong County of Xigaze Region, the south valley of the middle Himalayas Mountains, over 2800 M above sea level, adjacent to India and Bhutan, with 41 thoroughfares open to the outside world. Since the mid-17th century, Yadong Port gradually became the main trade thoroughfare between China and India. During the period of early peacefully liberation, Yadong Port is the biggest external business port in Tibet. This port is 460 KM from Lhasa, 410 KM from Calcutta in India, 100 KM from Gangtok, and about 300 KM from Thimphu in Bhutan. In the history Yadong Port has been the biggest land route business port between China and India, as well as the best national port inside Tibet. In 1956, the port border trade amounted to CNY 3000 million, and the trading partners included India, Nepal, Bhutan and other countries. In 1961, the national government and autonomous regions established customs, foreign trade institutions, road transport, energy, telecommunications and other basic infrastructure at Yadong Port. After the improvement of Sino-Indian relation, people living in the border stared to do business with each other and began the early shape at Yadong Port. People from Bhutan and India living in the border do the trade business at Yadong Pali Town and Xiasima Town.
Hekou Port is located in Hekou Yao Autonomous County in Hani and Yi Autonomous Prefecture in Hong River, adjacent to Laojie Port in Vietnam, with the border line of 193 KM. In July in 2011, Hekou Port was approved by the State Council open to the outside. Hekou Port has the following natural advantage: the port is the county and the county is the port. This port is the transportation hub between the of Yunnan-Vietnam Railway, Kunhe Road and Hong River Tunnel and the railway, road and sea route in Vietnam and East Asian Area. This port is 469 KM from Kunming, 296 KM from Hanoi (the capital city in Vietnam), 416 KM from Haiphong Port in Vietnam, and it is also the convenient thoroughfare from southwest China to Southeast Asia and southern Pacific. In the economic project of “China–ASEAN Free Trade Area” and “Kunming—Hanoi—Haiphong”, this port occupies the important position, is the trade window of southwest area and Southeast Asian countries, and is the important port of the international thoroughfare China-Vietnam Railway, China-Vietnam Road and other four exit thoroughfares.
On both sides of Hekou Port there are respectively Hekou Town in Yunnan, China, and Laojie City in Laojie province in Vietnam. This port permits people, goods, cargo and transportation tools to from China, Vietnam and the third countries for entry and exit. Now these are mainly goods, but passengers also can go through this port. In the future the port will gradually become a port permitting both passengers and goods.
The transportation condition of Hekou Port
Railway: there is Yunnan-Vietnam Railway from Kunming to Hekou for exit, and passengers can enter the border from Laojie and arrive directly at Haiphong Port through Hanoi, 864 KM long in total, including 465 KM inside Yunnan province and 389 KM inside Vietnam (296 KM to Hanoi).
Road: there are water routes of 328 KM and 321 KM connecting Hekou and Hanoi, 432 KM by road from Haiphong in Vietnam, and 505 KM by water route. Inside China, it is 468 KM by road to Kunming Road and 277 KM by road to the prefecture capital, Gejiu.
Air Transport: there is no airplane port in Hekou Port, but it is only 150 KM from Mengzi airport and less than 10 KM from Baosheng airport of Vietnam.
Jinshui River Port is located in south Jinping County in Honghe Prefecture. Jinping County is at the boundary of Vietnam, with the border line of 502 KM. Jinshui River Port is across with Malutang Port (AKA Ba’nangong) of Laizhou in Vietnam, connecting by the friendship bride between China and Vietnam. This port is 95 KM from Laizhou City in Laizhou province, 195 KM from Dianbianfu, 580 KM from Hanoi, 54 KM from Santang Town of Fengtu County, 147 KM from Laojie, and 231 KM from the border of Laos. Inside Yunnan this port is 159 KM by bus to Gejiu, 210 KM to Kaiyuan, 208 KM to Mengzi, and 470 KM to Kunming. And this port is 35 KM from the county. On February 25, 1993, Jinshui River Port was approved by the State Council to be the first kind national port and was officially open on November 10 in the same year. Meanwhile, Jinshui River Border Inspection was approved to establish. The annual personnel of entry and exit are over 100,000, and 20,000 or 30,000 tons of cargo.
Jinshui River Port is the important port to enter Laos by Laizhou and Hanoi in Vietnam.
Tianbao Port is located in Tianbao Town at the foot of the mountain, southern Malipo County of Wenshan Prefecture in Yunnan province, adjacent to Qingshuihe Port in Hejiang City of Hejiang province in Vietnam. The road between Wenshan (the prefecture capital) and Tianbao Port connects with No. 2 State Road in Vietnam. Inside China this port is 40 KM from Malipo County, 120 KM from Wenshan (the prefecture capital), and 420 KM from Kunming; outside China this port is 24 KM from Jiansheng City in Vietnam River, 340 KM from Hanoi (the capital city in Vietnam), and 410 KM from Haiphong in Vietnam. This port is also one of the most straight and the most nearest important land route thoroughfares from Yunnan province in China to the capital city in Vietnam.
Tianbao Port is a national open port, but now it is only open to China and Vietnam. As this port has the advantage of the most straight and the most nearest distance from Yunnan to Hanoi in Vietnam, more and more people choose to enter East Asia by Vietnam through Tianbao Port. Due to the approval of the related department, Tianbao Port was officially open to people from the third countries on September 19 in 2014.
Theoretically Tianbao Port is also open to the transportation tools from the third countries, but at present we have no experience in this field.
Aidian Port is the first kind port of border land route, located in Aidian Town of Ningming County in Guangxi, at the pillars of No.1223 and No.1224 on East Guangxi Road at the border line of China and Vietnam, facing Zhima Port in Vietnam. In Aidian Port there are Level-3 asphalt roads connecting to the 3 roads. This port is 190 KM from Dongxing City in east, 17 KM from Luping County in south, 34 KM from Liangshan City, 200 KM from Haiphong, and 180 KM from Hanoi; in west 92 KM from Youyi Pass in Pingxiang City, 50 KM from Ningming County and 185 KM from Nanning City in north.
On January 12, Aidian Road Port was approved by the State Council to open to the outside world. The port is bilateral road passenger and freight transport port open all year round. Due to this, Aidian Road Port becomes the first kind port from the second kind port.
We can surly tell you that at present Aidian Port is open to people, goods and transport tools in China and Vietnam. We are not certain about whether this port is open to the third countries.
After Aidian Port became the first kind port, the great travel route of Nanning-Chongzuo-Ningming-Aidian-Liangshan-Hanoi will bring new opportunities for the development of this port.
Dongxing Port is located in Dongxing downtown of Fangchenggang in Guangxin, facing Mangjie Port in Socialist Republic of Vietnam. Tourists can arrive there through Nanfang Highway and Fangcheng-Dongxing Road. Dongxing Port is 188 KM from Nanning, 180 KM from Xialong (the capital city of Guangning province) in Vietnam, 308 KM from Hanoi, which is the national port established in 1958 and one of the important ports on the border line.
Dongxing Port was open to the outside world in 1958, but closed in 1979 because of the tense relation between China and Vietnam. In April, 1994, this port was reopening officially to the third countries. This port is located at the meeting point of the land border line and coastline southwestern China. This port is at the east end of the border between China and Vietnam, which is only across with Vietnam by a river.
The port is managed by the government office in Dongxing City. Dongxing Border Inspection Station, Dongxing Customs, Dongxing Entry and Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau are responsible for the inspection of the port, and handling the procedures of entry and exit for personnel, goods, and transport.
Dongxing Port is at the meeting point of Beilun River and Gelong River in Vietnam, 100 M from Mangjie Port of Vietnam, which is the only national port connecting with Vietnam by sea and land route in China. This port pass about millions of tons of goods each year, personnel of over 3000,000, ranking the top one among the similar ports in Guangxi and placing the third position of land route ports in China. With the establishment of China–ASEAN Free Trade Area, Dongxing Port plays a more and more important role in opening to the outside world. Tourists can go visit Xialong Bay in Vietnam exiting from China-Vietnam Bridge of Dongxing Port, or they can go sightseeing to Kampuchea, Laos, Burma and Thailand through Hanoi and Huzhiming City. The red line on China-Vietnam Bridge is the boundary line between China and Vietnam, and people can go out of China by walking one step here. The main tourist attractions there are No. 5 Pillar of Qing Dynasty, Huzhiming Pavilion, Port Inspection Area, China-Vietnam Friendship Bridge and Vietnam Duty-free stores.
Port Inspection Area:
Port Inspection Area is divided into two sides, the right thoroughfare is exit thoroughfare for inspection and the left one is entry thoroughfare. In the middle there is a passage for passing vehicles. The United Inspection Building was built in 1994, whose function was to verify visitors for entry and exit, inspection and quarantine, including border defense, customs, health inspection, commodity inspection and other functional joint office.
Tongzhong Port is the second kind port in China, but now it is ready to apply to be the first kind port. Tongzhong Port is located in 125 KM from southwest Bianfang District, with wide level-3 asphalt road directly to the port. This port is the biggest port for small-amount trade and border trade, which is approved by China and enjoys all kinds of benefits given by the government. This port has the perfect infrastructure including Port Inspection Building, facing Hengmo National Port in Guangning in Vietnam.
Chinese Name: Tongzhong Port
Border Trade Amount: CNY 330,000,000
Covering: 156 hectares
Location: Old Street of Tongzhong Town of Fangcheng District in Fangchenggang
Facing Port: Hengmo National Port in Guangning in Vietnam
Opening Degree: not open to people, goods and transports from the third countries
Imported varieties of Tongzhong Port are mainly seafood, medicine and agricultural and sideline products; exports are mainly daily necessities, hardware, electricity, fittings of household electrical appliances, small machinery and equipment, furniture, food, building materials etc.
Longbang Port is located in south Jinxi County, 30 M from northern No.94 Pillar of the boundary between China and Vietnam, facing Xiongguo Port in Chaling County of Gaoping province in Vietnam. Longbang Port is the only national first kind port in Baise City, and also is one of the convenient passages from west Guangxi, east Yunnan and south Guizhou to Vietnam and Southeast Asian countries.
Longbang Port now is not open to passengers from the third countries.
Passengers from the third countries refer to the people except from China and Vietnam.
Shuikou Port is located at the border line between Shuikou Town western Longzhou County in Guangxi and Vietnam, across with Tuolong Port in Vietnam only by a river, 70 KM from the capital city of Gaoping province and 102 KM from the downtown in Chongzuo City, which has good geographical advantages.
Shuikou Port is the first kind national port, belonging to road ports, located in Shuikou Town western Longzhou County, across with Fuhe County in Gaoping province and Tuolong Port in Vietnam only by a river. This port is one of the four road ports opening to the outside world, and the important passage to Vietnam and other East Asian countries.
Shuikou Port was open to the outside world in Qianlong 57 years in Qing Dynasty (1792), which is the earliest port in Guangxi to do non-governmental trade with Vietnam. In 1979 this port was closed because of the tense relations between China and Vietnam, but reopened on December 1, 1993. This port is for entry and exit of people from China and Vietnam, is one of the three national road ports doing economic business and is also the important passage from China to enter Vietnam and East Asian countries.
Shuikou Port is port to export fruits from China to Vietnam.
Youyi Pass Port is located in southwest Pinxiang City and the name is named after Youyi Pass. Youyi Pass was earliest dated back to Han Dynasty, and the name was changed several times, including Yongji Pass, Jiling Pass, Jieshou Pass, Danan Pass, Zhenyi Pass and Zhennan Pass, with the history of over 2000 years, which was only border pass of the nine famous passes in China.
Youyi Pass Road Port is located in the south end of Pinxiang City in Guangxi, 5 KM from Tongdeng Town of Gaolu County in Vietnam, 18 KM from Liangshan and 170 KM from Hanoi in Vietnam. This port was open in 1953, and the splendid Youyi Pass was built in 1958, which was regarded as one of Nine Passes in civil world. This port was closed in 1979 because of the tense relation between China and Vietnam, but it was reopened on April 1 in 1992 through the approval of the State Council. This port is managed by Pinxiang government office. Pinxiang customs, Youyi Pass Border Inspection Station, and Pinxiang Entry and Exit Inspection Quarantine Bureau are responsible for security, and handle the procedures for personnel, goods and transports.
Youyi Pass is located in southwest Pinxiang in Guangxi, is the national first kind port, and is the biggest land route port from China to Vietnam and ASEAN countries. In 2006 there were 316200 tourists for entry and exit, 27100 vehicles and 623000 tons of goods.
Youyi Pass Open Degree:
Open to tourists, goods and transports from China, Vietnam and other countries.
Youyi Pass Open Time:
Personnel for Entry: 7 AM to 8 PM (Hanoi Time)
Goods for Entry: 7 AM to 6 PM (Hanoi Time)
Suifenhe is located in southeastern Heilongjiang province, adjacent to coast area in Russia in east, and the whole population is 100,000 (including 50,000 moving population). In 1992, Suifeneh was approved by the State Council to be the first batch of coast open cities in China. In June, 1999, Suifenhe Market Trade Zone was founded by the diplomatic documents of Chinese and Russian governments. It is the only land route port from China to Japan Sea. Suifenhe is the meeting point between Binsui Railway and Fareast Railway in Russia, 21 KM from Bograniqi Port in Russia, 230 KM from Vladivostok Port (the biggest port city in Russia) and 270 KM from Nahuoka (Free Economic Zone in Russia). Suifenhe has road port and railway port, is the main passage of both land and sea from China to Japan Sea, and is the important international thoroughfare of economic and trade cooperation in northeast area. From the 20th century to 1930s, businessman from America, the UK, Japan, Korea and other 18 countries and regions gathered there. At that time, Suifenhe was called “international commercial city”.
There are two roads and one railway connecting with Russia. Through Russian Vladivostok Port and Nahodeka Port, Suifenhe connects to the land and sea passages of Russia, Japan, South Korea and North Korea, and is the “window” and “bridge” of international cooperation and competition between China and Northeast. Now in Suifenhe one railway port and one road port have been open. The railway port is open for 24 hours but the road port is open for 12 hours without lunch duty.
As an international commercial port, Suifenhe Port has about 100 years of history. Since People’ Republic of China was founded, Suifenhe became an important port in China and has been responsible for trade import and export transportation and distribution tasks between China and Soviet.
Huichun Port is the first important port in China, 15 KM from Huichun, facing Kraskino port in Russia, and is the only land route port in Jilin province open to Russia. This port is 42 KM from Boshite Port in Russia, 71 KM from Zarubino Port and 170 KM from Vladivostok Port.
Huichun Port was established in 1988, approved by the State Council in 1993 to be the international transportation port for passengers and goods, allowing the people from the third countries (besides China and Russia) to pass. In 1996, the united land and sea route was formally open from Huichun to Yusan Island in Japan after passing through Huichun Port and Zarubino Port; in 1998, Huichun Port was formally open to passengers. Now the tour routes to Zarubino and Vladivostok have been created. In 2000, the routes for goods and passengers were open from Huichun to Sokcho in South Korea after passing through Zarubino Port.
Huichun Port is directly open to Zarubino Port, Boshite Port and Vladivostok Port in Russia, 14 KM from Huichun and 8 KM from the Border Economic Cooperation Area in Huichun. Huichun Port is the only land route port in Jilin province open to Russia and permits the people from the third countries (besides China and Russia) to pass.
Manzhouli Port is located in western Hulun Buir Prairie in Inner Mongolia, in the triangle area of China, Russia and Mongolia, adjacent to Russia in north and Mongolia in west. Manzhouli Port is the first important transportation hub of Eurasian Continental Bridge, is the important international thoroughfare from China to Russia and other CIS countries, and also is the largest border land route port in China. The amount of cargo through this port always ranks the top among the similar ports in China.
Manzhouli International Road Port was open in 1998, and it is the only international road port which works 24 hours in China. The main buildings in the port include Cargo Inspection Building, Passenger Inspection Building; Army Barracks, Meeting Station, Trade Market of road port and Customs Supervision Zone. The closed area in the port is equipped with clearance, inspection, storage and transportation and living service, which can complete the inspection and customs declaration, and tax collection business for one time. The port is divided into Passenger Inspection Area and Cargo Inspection Area. The Passenger Inspection Building has 3 floors: the first floor is the Waiting Hall for people who want to enter or exit the border; the second floor is Departure Hall; the third floor is Arrival Hall. There are 10 passages of entry and exit respectively for people. Cargo Inspection Area has 3 trunk passages of entry and exit respectively. The annual capacity of Manzhouli Port is 12,000,000 people, 1,200,000 trunks and 6,000,000 tons of goods. There are mainly vegetables and fruits in Cargo Inspection Area, occupying 85% of the total export amount. The main import goods are scrap steel and timber, occupying 90% of the total import amount. At present the vegetables and fruits of 29 provinces in China are imported to Russia through Manzhouli Port, farthest to St. Petersburg and Moscow in Russia. Manzhouli Port has been the Bridgehead of China to open agricultural product in Russia.
At present Manzhouli Port is open to the people, trunks and goods from the third countries (besides China and Russia).
Alashankou Port is located in Bole of Bortala Mongolia Prefecture in Xinjiang, 83°36’ of east longitude and 45°12′of north latitude, 73 KM from Bole and 460 KM from Urumqi. Across is Almaty Province in Kazakhstan, and the port is called Druzhba Port, 12.3 KM from Chinese port and 580 KM from Almaty Province, the previous capital city in Kazakhstan. In June of 1990, approved by the State Council, Alashankou Port (both railway and road port) was open to the outside world. In August of 1992, Chinese and Kazakhstan governments reached an agreement to open this port to the third countries and it held the position of international transportation.
Alashankou Port is the border port between China and Kazakhstan, located in Bole of Bortala Mongolia Prefecture, which is the bridgehead in western China section of the second Eurasian continental bridge. The shipments of Alashankou Port in 2013 amounted to 29.829 million tons over the whole year, including railway port, road port, and Pipeline transportation of crude oil, which is one of the first important ports in China. The new Eurasian continental bridge starts from Lianyungang of Jiangsu in China in east, extends to Alashankou in Xinjiang, and ends at Rotterdam Port in Netherlands. This new bridge consists of the Longhai and Lanxin railway lines in west China, across the Jiangsu, Anhui, Henan, Shaanxi, Gansu, and Xinjiang (6 provinces), across seven countries such as China, Kazakhstan, Russia, Belarus, Poland, Germany and the Netherlands. The total length is 10,800 kilometers, 1100 KM less than the first Eurasian Continental Bridge, saving freight of 30%, and saving 20% of the freight shipping and 60% of the time compared with sea shipping.
Baketu Port is located in Tacheng in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, 12 KM from the southwest downtown. There is the national secondary road at the boundary between China and the Republic of Kazakhstan. Baketu Port is the port which is nearest to the downtown in Xinjiang and also the port nearest to Urumqi.
Baketu Port is located in Tacheng in Yili Hasake Prefecture in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, 82°48′ of east longitude and 46°41′ of north latitude, with the altitude of 460 to 480 M. Across Baketu Port is East Kazakhstan State of the Republic of Kazakhstan. It is 17 KM from Baketu Port (entry of the border) to Tacheng and 621 KM to Urumqi; it is 800 M from Baketu Port (exit of the border) to Burket Port in Kazakhstan, 60 KM to Markachi and 110 KM to Urgal airport.
When you drive away from Tacheng, driving along the wide road of the port westward for 12 KM , you will arrive at the border port (between China and Kazakhstan)–Baketu Port. Baketu Port is the port which is nearest to the downtown in Xinjiang, adjacent to Tacheng in east, 60 KM to Markachi in west. On the boundless grassland, there are thousands of wild flowers, green mountains in the long distance and some villages on both sides of the river, which make people feel peaceful and quiet. As this port is at suburbs, the architecture looks like few and splendid. The guard at the front door is very solemn and strict, the Inspection Hall is modern and wide, the cars through the passage keep in a line, which look like busy but in order.
Baketu Port covers 1 square KM, with the altitude of 460 M to 480 M. The geology surrounding is flat. There are lush plants, and the annual average temperature of 5.4 to 6.5 ℃, the highest temperature of 38.3 ℃, and frost-free period 114 days. In summer the temperature difference is obvious, with hot day and cold night; in winter the weather is not so cold, so the winter is warm and the summer is cool.
This port is open to people, transportation tools and goods from the third countries (besides China and Kazakhstan).
Dulata Port is located in Chabuchaer County of Yili region in Xinjiang, adjacent to Almaty Province in the Republic of Kazakhstan. It is 50 KM from Chabuchaer County, 63 KM from Yining, 250 KM from Almaty Province, 3.8 KM from Korzart, and 100 KM less than the route from Horgus Port to Almaty Port.
According to the news of Dulata Port CMC, Chinese and Kazakhstan governments approved that Dulata Port open to the third countries since September 1 in 2014.
However, as we have no experience of self-driving team from Dulata for entry or exit of the border, we are not sure whether the port is open to people or goods, or both to people and goods of the third countries.
Only when the port is open to people, transportation tools and goods of the third countries at the same time, passengers can drive their own car to enter or exit the border through this port.
Horgos Port is 90 KM from Yili and 670 KM from Urumqi. The port of the other party is Kazakhstan Horgos Port, merely 15 KM from Chinese port, 35 KM from Kazakhstan Yalkent Port (AKA Panfeilof Port), and 378 KM from Alatumu, the previous capital city of Kazakhstan. Horgos Port is the important road port in China which has the shortest distance from West China to the center city in Middle Asia, and has the largest amount of goods.
Horgos Port is the national important road port in Chinese west history which has the longest coast, the largest amount of goods, the best environment and the perfect function. At the same time, Horgos Port is an important port of the business development between Xinjiang and countries in Middle Asia, and also it is an important window for Xinjiang open to the outside world.
We have rich experience of practical operation of Horgos Port. Therefore, whether you drive your trailer, car, SUV or motor car to enter or exit of the border through Horgos Port, we can help you deal with all the complex procedures of customs clearance, vehicle license and driver’s license.
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As a road port, Jimunai Port is located in Jimunai County of Altlay Area in Xinjiang Uygur Autonomous Region, adjacent to East Kazakhstan Prefecture in Kazakhstan. If people enter the border through Jimunai, It is 24 KM from Jimunai County, 200 KM from Altlay and 760 KM from Urumqi; if exit from Jimunai, it is 60 KM from Kazakhstan Zaysan, and 500 KM from the prefecture capital of East Kazakhstan Prefecture. In the history Jimunai Port has been the Trading Port of Xinjiang, but since 1962, the port was closed and the relation was cut both for trade and personnel visit.
In the second half of 1991, the port was approved to pass cargo temporarily.
In August in 1992, this port was formally open through the agreement between China and Kazakhstan, permitting pass personnel, transportation tools and goods of the two countries.
In April, 1993, the driving route from Jimunai to East Kazakhstan Prefecture was created, 94 KM in total.
On January 4, 2002, according to the agreement of Chinese and Kazakhstan governments, they approved to open this port to people, goods and transportations tool from the third countries (besides China and Kazakhstan).
Khunjerab Pass is the only open border between China and Pakistan for vehicles and travellers from third countries.
Name of pass: Khunjerab in china side and Sost Pakistan side.
Closed time: from November 30th to April 1st of next year. It’s also closed during weekend and chinese holidays.
Located in the southwest of Kashi Prefecture in Xinjiang Autonomous Region in China, Khunjerab Port is in the territory of Tashikuergan Tajik Autonomous County in Pamirs Mountains. Khunjerab Port, also known as “Khunjerab Mountain Port”, is adjacent to the north of Pakistan. The elevation of Khunjerab Port is 5,000 meters or so (There are different views of its elevation, ranging from 4,800 meters to 5,100 meters. The statistics of Google Earth shows the road in the border is 4,705 in elevation), so it is the Port of the highest elevation in the world.
Khunjerab Port is located in the east longitude 75 33’22”, latitude 37 02’. It is first class port approved by the state for opening up. On May 1st, 1986, the port was opened up to the third country. Khunjerab Port enjoys a splendid landscape, but it has a harsh condition. Long been called “the Valley of Death”, the port is home to the Tajik people.
With Karakoram Highway Porting through, Khunjerab Port has therefore become the main land transport hub which connects China and Pakistan. Entering China from Khunjerab Port, it is 130 km to Taxkorgan County, 420 kilometers to the city of Kashgar, and 1890 km to Urumqi. Leaving China from Khunjerab Port, it is to 25 km to Soest, Pakistan, 270 kilometers to Gilgit, the capital of the northern region of Pakistan, and about 870 km to Pakistani capital Islamabad. The corresponding port of Khunjerab Port is Soest port in northern Pakistan.
Now the office of the port is not in the vicinity of the Port, but 1 km away from the Tajik Autonomous County in Taxkorgan. The entry and exit formalities and customs clearance formalities are handled here.
The Sino-pakistan highway from Kashi to Khunjerab is 415 kilometers long. It is the only route to the Pamirs, along which will go through Aoyitake forest, Karakul Lake, Muztagh Peak, Stone City, Princess Castle and other famous scenic spots.
The Khunjerab Port is a seasonal port due to the climate. According to the agreement between t China and Pakistan, the Port is open to the tourists from April 1 to November 30 every year, are open to visitors. Tour groups are limited in transit during the period. From December 1st to April 30th of the next year, the Port will be close to Portengers except for personnel who engage in bilateral trade and the postal service and franchised personnel. The port is for both Portengers and cargo. The two ports open the travel shuttle. Closed in weekend and public holidays.
working time: 10:30am-13:30pm, 16:30pm-19:30pm (Summer time)
11:00am-14:00pm, 16:30-19:30pm ( Winter time )
Torugart Port is adjacent to Naryn province in Kyrgyzstan. It is located in Wuqia County, Xinjiang Tuoyun Township, Kizilsu Kirgiz Autonomous Prefecture. Being the trading port between China and Kyrgyzstan, the port is an important gateway to the Central Asia, South Asia, West Asia and European countries.
The road condition of Torugart Port is good. To personnel, goods and vehicles from the third countries, the port remains open. Large cargo transportation vehicles can go throughout the year, but it is not recommended to enter and exit on weekends.
Monday to Friday: 11:00 –13:30; 16:30—19:00
Located in the east longitude73°58’ and north latitude 73°58′, Irkeshtam Port is located in Wuqia County, the first village of Kirgiz Autonomous Prefecture of Kizilsu in Xinjiang Autonomous Region. It is a westernmost port in China. Being 153 kilometers away from the Wuqia County and 250 kilometers away from the state capital of Atux City, it is 2830 meters above sea level. Across from the port is Osh, a city in the Republic of Kyrgyzstan. It is about 220 kilometers away from Osh, the state capital.
Irkeshtam Port is an important channel and post on the ancient Silk Road. In July 21st, 1997, the port was temporarily opened for goods, and it was officially open to the public in May 10th, 2002. Being an perennial open port, it allows the transit of personnel, goods, means of transportation in China, Kyrgyzstan and the third country.
Gongbei Port is located in southeast Zhuhai, adjacent to Macao on land route. Owing to its special geographic location, Gongbei Port is the confluence of “One Country, Two Systems”. In 2011, Gongbei Port firstly transcended Luohu Port to be the first land route port in China and also the busiest area in Zhuhai. Gongbei is the second important port area in China. In 2011, the transportation amount rapidly increased, which made Gongbei Port firstly transcended Luohu Port to be the first land route port in China.
In 2011, the transportation amount rapidly increased, which made Gongbei Port firstly transcended Luohu Port to be the first land route port in China. Each year the amount of tourists at home and abroad through the entry or exit the border through Gongbei Port is more than 80 million. In mid-December in 2011, the amount up to 90 million, transcended Luohu Port to be the first land route port in China. Gongbei is the busiest area in Zhuhai, the work time from 7 AM to 0 PM.
Hengqin Road Port is the cross-border road bridge port, located in Hengqin Economic Open Zone in Zhuhai.
Hengqin Port was approved and established by the State Council on June 12, 1999. Hengqin Port is the comprehensive port of transporting passengers and cargo, opened on March 28, 2000.
Working Time Available for Cargo Trunk: 8 AM to 8 PM
Available for Passengers and Bus (car): 9 AM to 8 PM
Since from 0 o’clock on December 18, 2014, Hengqin Port began working for 24 hours, suitable for Passengers and buses with approval of travel documents.
Hong kong – China Mainland
Huanggang Port is located in south Futian District of Shenzhen in Guangdong province, facing Luomazhou Port of Xinjie in Hong Kong over the river, one of the 5 first level ports between Shenzhen and Hong Kong, and the nearest port to the downtown compared to other ports. Huanggang Port is close to Guangzhou-Shenzhen Highway in the west, and is the transportation hub connecting Shenzhen with Hong Kong. At present Huanggang Port is the biggest comprehensive road port of passengers and cargo in China, also one of the biggest ports in China, around 20,000 cars and trunks crossing the border every day. Meanwhile, Huanggang Port is also the border port for passing passengers, the busiest port except Luohu Port in Shenzhen, and the third biggest port for passing passengers after Gongbei Port in Zhuhai.
Huanggang Port covers 101.6 square meters, including 653,000 square meters of authority area, 68,000 square meters of residential area and 295,000 square meters of commercial service area. The authority area is divided into two sites—East Site of inspection of goods and West Site of inspection of bus and passengers. The east side of Site of inspection of goods is Entry Inspection Field and the west side of Exit Inspection Field. The Passenger Inspection Hall is divided into two small halls, including east side of entry border hall and west side of exit border hall. Between the two halls there is a thoroughfare for bus. There are 52 thoroughfares of bus inspections of both entry and exit border, including 12 smaller thoroughfares of bus inspection and 40 thoroughfares of trunk. There are 20 thoroughfares of entry and exit respectively (10 thoroughfares was established after “ETC” for border inspection); 50 thoroughfares of passenger inspection, including 25 thoroughfares of entry and exit respectively. The capacity is supposed to pass 50,000 automobile (standard) and 50,000 passengers.
Huanggang Port is the only port open for the whole day in China. Passenger Inspection and Cargo Inspection are both open for 24 hours. Cargo Inspection: 7 AM to 10 PM, but from 10 PM to 0 PM there are still 6 thoroughfares open (2 for entry and 4 for exit), which is the only port working for 24 hours.
Shenzhenwan Port (AKA: Shenzhenwan Passenger Inspection Hall) is a border port of land route between Shenzhen in Guangdong and Hong Kong, located in an area filled from the sea of Shekou Dongjiaotou of Nanshan District in Shenzhen, covering 117.9 square hectares. It was started to work on July 1 in 2007. This port is open from 6 AM to 12 PM. The port is still working on 24 hours open. The unique feature of Shenzhenwan Port lies in its “one inspection, two inspectors”: border inspectors from Hong Kong and mainland China do the inspection inside one building; inspectors of two sides do the inspection work for passengers in different places but close to each other, not responsible for only one side. This kind of arrangement can save a lot of time. According to Hong Kong legal terms, as the Hong Kong port area of Shenzhenwan Port is forbidden area, passengers have to carry valid identification documents of travel.
This port is open from 6 AM to 0 PM, and is still working on 24 hours open. The unique feature of Shenzhenwan Port lies in its “one inspection, two inspectors”: border inspectors from Hong Kong and mainland China do the inspection inside one building; inspectors of two sides do the inspection work for passengers in different places but close to each other, not responsible for only one side. This kind of arrangement can save a lot of time.
According to Hong Kong legal terms, as the Hong Kong port area of Shenzhenwan Port is forbidden area, passengers have to carry valid identification documents of travel. Passengers who do not need to pass over the border have to carry “Entry and Exit Approval in Forbidden Area” (AKA Forbidden Paper) authorized by Hong Kong Police Force to go through there. Otherwise they would be charged by Law Enforcement Officers of Hong Kong.
Mohan Port is located at the southern end of Mengla County and is connected to the Laos Boten Port. It is the only first-class port between China and Laos. It is an important international channel for China to Southeast Asian countries. On March 3, 1992, the State Council approved the Mohan Port as a national first-class port.
The Mengla County Port Office and the Mohan Port Management Committee are responsible for the construction and management of the Mohan port. Mengla Customs, Mohan Border Inspection Station and Mengla Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau are responsible for the inspection of the port, and handle entry and exit procedures and supervision services for entry-exit personnel, goods and transportation.
Mohan port location
It is 181 kilometers north from Mohan Port to Jinghong, the seat of Xishuangbanna Prefecture in Yunnan, and then to the northeast of Yunnan Province for 8 hours and 520 kilometers to Kunming, the capital of Yunnan Province.
From the Mohan Port to the southeast 298 kilometers, a five-hour drive, to the Luang Prabang, the ancient capital of Laos, which is listed on the UN World Cultural Heritage List, and then drive south for 6 hours and 382 kilometers to Vientiane, the capital of Laos;
From the Mohan Port to the southwest 228 kilometers and a three-hour drive, you can go to the Thai border city of Chiang Khong, and then drive south for 16 hours and 958 kilometers to Bangkok, the capital of Thailand.
It is 267 kilometers east of the Mohan Port and a 6-hour drive to the Dien Bien Phu, Vietnam. It takes 8 hours and 500 kilometers to the east to Hanoi, the capital of Vietnam.
The location advantage of the Mohan Port is obvious. The staff are familiar with the relevant regulations and the customs clearance time is short. It has become one of the preferred ports for driving from Southeast Asia into China or driving into Southeast Asia.
The Mengkang Port is located in Jiangcheng County, Pu’er City, Yunnan Province, and is connected to the Lanpu Port in Fengshali Province, Laos. It is 52 kilometers away from the county town of Jou, 186 kilometers away from the provincial capital Fengshali and 830 kilometers away from the capital Vientiane. It is the most convenient land route to Yunnan and the most convenient land route to Southeast Asia. It is an important “bridgehead” for Pu’er city to open to the outside world. Previously, there was only one passage, and the daily work was carried out by the Ji Kang Frontier Workstation and other units. The passage was only open to the border people holding the entry and exit passes or the minority groups engaged in alternative planting, and the permit was limited in place to go.
In July 2006, the Mengkang Port was listed as the first class port of the National Eleventh Five-Year Plan. In July 2008, the port started construction. By August last year, the construction of the joint inspection building, the entry and exit cargo passage, the entry and exit plaza and the roadbed reconstruction of the junction of the old and the old roads had been completed. After the opening of the Mengkang Port, it will soon be the second national first-class port between China and Laos after Mohan port.
In theory, it is open to third-country personnel, goods and vehicles, but since it is a new port, it is not recommended to drive or depart from the port.
The Zhangmu (Nyalam) port is first calss port on the border land. The Zhangmu Port was officially opened to the public in 1962 with the approval of the State Council. On May 6, 1994, the governments of the People’s Republic of China and the Kingdom of Nepal signed the Agreement on the Motor Transport of the Government of the People’s Republic of China and the Government of the Kingdom of Nepal. The port is currently the largest port in Tibet that is open to the outside world and open to third-country personnel. It is also the port with the highest utilization rate and the most normal use of Tibet ports, the most complete joint inspection agency, and the most complete inspection and quarantine equipment.
The port office of the Shigatse Regional Economic and Trade Commission and the Nyalamu Port Management Committee implement port management for the port. Nyalam Customs, Nyalam Border Inspection Station, and Nyalam Entry-Exit Inspection and Quarantine Bureau are responsible for the inspection of the port and handles the entry and exit procedures for the past personnel, goods and vehicles.
The Zhangmu Port is located in Zhangmu Town, the Nepal-China border in the southern foothills of the Himalayas. It is the only national first-class land trade port in Tibet. More than 1,000 Sherpa people in Tibet are mainly concentrated here. There are more than 3,000 permanent residents in Zhangmu Town, more than 20 foreign trade and border trade companies, and an average daily population of about 1,000. The annual commodity transaction volume has exceeded 200 million yuan, radiating Tibet and neighboring provinces, radiating Nepal and neighboring. The country and region are Tibet’s largest border trade center ports.
Chinese name: Zhangmu Port
Location: Zhangmu Town, the China-Nepal border in the southern foothills of the Himalayas
Resident population: more than 3,000 people
Daily floating population: an average of about 1,000 people
Sea pull: 2300 meters
Zhangmu Town has a daily shuttle bus to Shigatse, where you can transfer to Lhasa. The shuttle bus to Lhasa has 1 to 2 flights per week. You can take shared SUV from Lhasa to Zhangmu Town and the cost per person was about 500 yuan. The Zhangmu back to Lhasa carpool is about 200~300 yuan. It takes 11 to 13 hours to go to Lhasa. Sometimes there is also a night bus. There are many booking points on the streets of Zhangmu, and you could ask information from hotel too.
Lhasa to Nyalam is 318 National Road, about 700 kilometers. The road condition is fine. However, about 30 kilometers from the Zhangmu to the Nyalam section is basically in the canyon, which is very dangerous, prone to landslides, and waterfalls can be seen everywhere in summer.
Bank: The Port of Zhangmu has Bank of China, Agricultural Bank of China and China Postal Savings Bank. There are many snack bars in the town, including Shandong, Sichuan, Nepalese restaurants, Tibetan restaurants, and even Muslim restaurants. Consumption of noodles 10 yuan ~ 14 yuan a bowl, consumption is slightly more expensive than Lhasa.
Special reminder: go to Zhangmu, whether you are a foreign tourist or a domestic tourist, you need to apply for a border management area pass or passport.
Gyirong Port is located in Gyirong County, southwest corner of Tibet Autonomous Region. Gyirong County belongs to the south side of the middle part of the Himalayas, some 831km away from Lhasa, 175km away from Katmandu. In history, it was the largest land trading port between Tibet and Nepal, also an important transportation hub of the cultural and business exchange between China and Southern Asia countries. Gyirong Port witnessed many historical events: Princess Bhrikuti of Nepal traveled a long journey to marry Songtsen Gampo; the famous diplomat Wang Xuance in the Tang Dynasty made several foreign visits to India; Indian Buddhist master Padmasambhava (Lotus-Born) entered Tibet to spread Buddhism. They all passed through Gyirong.
in the 1970s, Chinese government ranked Gyirong Port as National Second Level Land Port, attached with departments of customs and commodity inspection. Later on, due to the prosperity of Zhangmu Port, all export and import business through Gyirong Port have almost stopped and the relative departments were revoked. In the past, Yadong port, Zhangmu port, and Burang port are three major ports and business hubs in Tibet. Before the usage of Gyirong Port, Zhangmu port was the only land port that opened all year around in Tibet and it forced almost 90% of Tibet’s border business. But limited by geographical reasons, Zhangmu port’s clearance capacity is relatively weak, restricting the foreign trade development in Tibet. In April 2015, Zhangmu port was badly damaged because of Nepal earthquake and was temporarily closed. In December 2015, China Gyirong-Nepal Rasuwa bilateral port was put into formal use. Gyirong port becomes the bridgehead of Tibet’s opening to the world and a significant commercial road linked to Nepal and other Southern Asia countries.
Starting from Katmandu, going northward for about 175km, passing through Gyirong Port, you will reach Gyirong Valley, which is regarded as the “back garden of the Mt. Everest”. To continue going northwest for about 700km, there is the holy mountain of Buddhism, Mount Kailash; eastward for about 400km, there is the Mt. Everest. On southwest, Gyirong borders the Nepali city Pokhara, which is the most famous tourism spot in Nepal and is reckoned by worldwide visitors as a “Paradise of hiking”.
Nowadays, asphalt road has been constructed and open to traffic between Lhasa and Gyirong Port. Trucks from Chinese inland cities could go to Gyirong via Shigatse through Qinghai–Tibet Railway and Lhasa– Shigatse Railway, then passing through Gyirong Port to reach Katmandu. With the continuous improvement of infrastructures, transportation factor will not limit the development of Gyirong Port any more. It is estimated that after the railway between Lhasa and Gyirong is finished, it will further promote the exchange between China and the Southern Asia Continent.
Gyirong has always been a transitional zone of culture and economic exchange between Tibet and Southern Asia countries. Thanks to the establishment of nature reserves and constructions of roads and railways, the small town Gyirong is not just a simple courier station of cultural and economic exchange in history, but will be a pluralistic and radioactive transportation hub and international port, which presents an enormous business opportunity. It can be said that, through exploration and development, Gyirong, never fading charms in the past, will definitely become a shining superstar on the borderline of China.
Daluo Port, located in the southwestern part of Menghai County, Yunnan Province, is located at 99°58′E, north latitude 21°41′, bordering the fourth special zone of the eastern Shan State of Myanmar.
Daluo port is a provincial-level port established in 1991, and on November 13, 2007, it was upgraded to a port of international passenger and cargo land transport.
Daluo means a multi-ethnic ferry place in Thai Language. Once upon a time, the ethnic groups such as Dai, Bulang, and Hani who lived here were ferry together on the riverside, so they called it Daluo. The town of Daluo has a long history. As early as the Ming and Qing Dynasties, it has become an important channel. During the Republic of China, tea merchants shipped tea through the port and sold it abroad. The main commodities exported include textiles, department stores, knitwear, hardware machinery, building materials, non-staple food, agricultural production materials, etc., which are mainly exported to Myanmar, Thailand, India and other countries; the main imported commodities are minerals, wood, agricultural and sideline products, and medicinal cosmetics. The county’s economic open area is located in Daluo, and the port infrastructure is gradually improving. Daluo is a border tourist area at the end of Kunluo Highway and a window for Menghai to conduct commodity trade.
Daluo Port is located in the southwest of Menghai County, bordering Myanmar, 80 kilometers from Myanmar, 239 kilometers from Thailand, 550 kilometers from Chiang Mai, Thailand, and 1,250 kilometers from Bangkok, Thailand.
Houqiao Port is located in Houqiao Town in the west of Tengchong. It is an important trading port connecting China with South Asia and Southeast Asia and an important frontier of China-Myanmar trade. More than 60 kilometers from Tengchong County. The Houqiao is connected to the mountains and waters of Myanmar. It is 31.5 kilometers from the county town of Ganba, Myanmar and 163 kilometers from the Myitkyina, Myanmar. It is the key point of the famous Stilwell Highway to the Indochina Peninsula and the only place for the Southwest Silk Road. It is the only state-level open port in Baoshan City.
On April 7, 2000, the Houqiao Port was approved by the State Council as a national first-class port. It is the first special zone of the Kachin State of Myanmar. After the Second Special Zone, it can enter the densely-knit town of Myitkyina in the north of Myanmar. Lashio, Mandalay, Yangon, north to Xinbeiyang, South, and State whistle, arrived in Redondo, India.
In theory, the Houqiao Port is open to third-country personnel and vehicles, but we do not recommend driving from Myanmar to China or from China to Myanmar at this border.
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Mengding Qingshuihe Port, known as the “Golden Port”, is located in the southwestern part of Yunnan Province. It is a sub-county town under the jurisdiction of Gengma County. It is a hub connecting Southeast Asia and South Asia, 802 kilometers from Kunming, the provincial capital. It is 1162 kilometers from Yangon, the capital of Myanmar. The national first class open port has a total area of 1,100 square kilometers.
The port is currently not open to third-country personnel.
Ruili, a beautiful port city, is affiliated to the Dehong Dai Jingpo Autonomous Prefecture in Yunnan Province. It is located in the southwestern border of the China and is adjacent to the Myanmar National Port City Mujie Port. The terrain here is flat and open, with no natural barriers, convenient transportation, prosperous trade, and complete urban functions. It is the golden gate leading to Southeast Asia and South Asia in the southwest of China. Ruili is an important passageway of the ancient southern Silk Road. It is a “transfer station” and a “distribution center” for trade between China and Myanmar, and is the meeting point of the “China-Myanmar” and “China-India” highways.
Ruili Port is the first class port opened in Yunnan. On October 26, 2001, the State Council approved the opening of the Ruili Port to third-country personnel. As the Yunnan – Myanmar Road and the South Line of the Stilwell Highway are connected here, the products of Southeast Asian countries and domestic products meet here, making Ruili a small town with border trade prosperity. In the commercial pavement on both sides of the pedestrian commercial street, the store is filled with a variety of items, the shop operators are from Myanmar, India, Pakistan and other countries in Southeast Asia and local compatriots. The products sold in this market are all kinds of jewellery and jade, emerald agate, high-grade cosmetics, teak carvings, cow head ornaments, all kinds of jewelry, clothing, and seafood, tropical fruits produced in different seasons, and so on. There are more pedestrians and tourists on the street, and some Burmese people stand on the street to sell jade products from the Burmese side to the tourists or recommend various places to visit.
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